Publication: 3D Attentional Maps - Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments

Gaze visualizations hold the potential to facilitate usability studies of interactive systems. However, visual gaze analysis in three-dimensional virtual environments still lacks methods and techniques for aggregating attentional representations. We propose three novel gaze visualizations for the application in such environments: projected, object-based, and surface-based attentional maps. These techniques provide an overview of how visual attention is distributed across a scene, among different models, and across a model's surface. Two user studies conducted among eye tracking and visualization experts approve the high value of these techniques for the fast evaluation of eye tracking studies in virtual environments.

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Participants

Sophie Stellmach Lennart Nacke
University of Ontario Institute of Technology, University of Saskatchewan
Raimund Dachselt

Citation

Stellmach, S., Nacke, L.E., Dachselt, R. 2010. 3D Attentional Maps - Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments. In Proceedings of the International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2010), Roma, Italy. 345-348. Short Paper. ISBN 978-1-4503-0076-6.. DOI=10.1145/1842993.1843058.

BibTeX

@inproceedings {188-2010-AVI-ShortPaper-GazeVis,
author= {Sophie Stellmach and Lennart Nacke and Raimund Dachselt},
title= {3D Attentional Maps - Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments},
booktitle= {Proceedings of the International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2010)},
year= {2010},
address= {Roma, Italy},
pages= {345-348},
note= {Short Paper. ISBN 978-1-4503-0076-6.}
}