Publication: Games as Neurofeedback Training for Children with FASD

Biofeedback games help people maintain specific mental or physical states and are useful to help children with cognitive impairments learn to self-regulate their brain function. However, biofeedback games are expensive and difficult to create and are not sufficiently appealing to hold a child's interest over the long term needed for effective biofeedback training. We present a system that turns off-the-shelf computer games into biofeedback games. Our approach uses texture-based graphical overlays that vary in their obfuscation of underlying screen elements based on the sensed physiological state of the child. The textures can be visually customized so that they appear to be integrated with the underlying game. Through a 12-week deployment, with 16 children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, we show that our solution can hold a child's interest over a long term, and balances the competing needs of maintaining the fun of playing, while providing effective biofeedback training.




Regan Mandryk
University of Saskatchewan
Shane Dielschneider
University of Saskatchewan
Michael Kalyn
University of Saskatchewan
Christopher Bertram
Michael Gaetz Andre Doucette
Coconut Software
Brett Taylor
University of Saskatchewan
Alison Pritchard Orr
Kathy Keiver


Mandryk, R.L., Dielschneider, S., Kalyn, M., Bertram, C., Gaetz, M., Doucette, A., Taylor, B.A., Pritchard Orr, A., Keiver, K. 2013. Games as Neurofeedback Training for Children with FASD. In Interaction Design for Children, New York City, USA. 165-172. DOI=10.1145/2485760.2485762.


@inproceedings {308-p165-mandryk,
author= {Regan Mandryk and Shane Dielschneider and Michael Kalyn and Christopher Bertram and Michael Gaetz and Andre Doucette and Brett Taylor and Alison Pritchard Orr and Kathy Keiver},
title= {Games as Neurofeedback Training for Children with FASD},
booktitle= {Interaction Design for Children},
year= {2013},
address= {New York City, USA},
pages= {165-172}