Publication: Let Me Be Implicit: Using Motive Disposition Theory to Predict and Explain Behaviour in Digital Games

We introduce explicit and implicit motives (i.e., achieve-ment, affiliation, power, autonomy) into player experience research and situate them in existing theories of player motivation, personality, playstyle, and experience. Addi-tionally, we conducted an experiment with 109 players in a social play situation and show that: 1. As expected, there are several correlations of playstyle, personality, and moti-vation with explicit motives, but few with implicit mo-tives; 2. The implicit affiliation motive predicts in-game social behaviour; and 3. The implicit affiliation motive adds significant variance to explain regression models of in-game social behaviours even when we control for social aspects of personality, the explicit affiliation motive, self-esteem, and social player traits. Our results support that implicit motives explain additional variance because they access needs that are experienced affectively and pre-consciously, and not through cognitive interpretation necessary for explicit expression and communication, as is the case in any approaches that use self-report.

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Participants

Susanne Poeller Max Birk
University of Saskatchewan
Nicola Baumann Regan Mandryk
University of Saskatchewan

Citation

Poeller, S., Birk, M., Baumann, N., Mandryk, R.L. 2018. Let Me Be Implicit: Using Motive Disposition Theory to Predict and Explain Behaviour in Digital Games. In CHI '18: Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Montreal, QC, Canada. p. 190 (15 pages). DOI=10.1145/3173574.3173764.

BibTeX

@inproceedings {519-Motives_in_play_CHI2018_CR04,
author= {Susanne Poeller and Max Birk and Nicola Baumann and Regan Mandryk},
title= {Let Me Be Implicit: Using Motive Disposition Theory to Predict and Explain Behaviour in Digital Games},
booktitle= {CHI '18: Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
year= {2018},
address= {Montreal, QC, Canada},
pages= {p. 190 (15 pages)}
}